Affect & Effect
Rule 1. Use effect when you mean bring about or brought about, cause or caused.
Example: He effected a commotion in the crowd. Meaning He caused a commotion in the crowd.
Rule 2. Use effect when you mean result.
Example: What effect did that speech have?
Rule 3. Also use effect whenever any of these words precede it:
a an any the take into no
Note: These words may be separated from effect by an adjective.
Example: That book had a long-lasting effect on my thinking.
Has the medicine produced any noticeable effects?
Rule 4. Use the verb affect when you mean to influence rather than to cause.
Example: How do the budget cuts affect your staffing?
Rule 5. Affect is used as a noun to mean emotional expression.
Example: She showed little affect when told she had won the lottery.
Affect & Effect Quiz
The _______ of the antibiotic on her infection was surprising.
I did not know that antibiotics could _______ people so quickly.
Plastic surgery had an ______, not only on her appearance, but on her self-esteem.
If the chemotherapy has no _______ , should she get surgery for the tumor?
When will we know if the chemotherapy has taken _______?
Losing her hair from chemotherapy did not _______ her as much as her friends had expected.
We cannot _______ a new policy without the board of directors voting on it first.
To be an _______ leader, you should know both your strengths as well as your weaknesses.
The movie Winged Migration had two _______ on him: He became an environmental advocate and a bird lover.
The net _______ of blowing the whistle on her boss was that she was eventually given his position.
What was the _______ of his promotion?
His decision _______ everyone here.
We had to _______ a reduction in costs.
The critics greatly _______ his thinking.